MAC Curriculum and Course Information
The MA in counseling program is a 60 semester hour CACREP accredited Clinical Mental Health Counseling program. The curriculum meets educational requirements for professional licensure in accordance with the regulations of the Virginia Board of Behavioral Sciences.
Our curriculum includes study in the areas of professional identity, counseling theories, group counseling, counseling techniques, abnormal behavior, appraisal, career development, human growth and development, social and cultural functions, research, social and multicultural issues, ethics, spirituality and religion, addictions, marriage and family counseling, and supervised clinical work.
To graduate, the student will have met all course requirements with a minimum GPA of 3.00, will have obtained satisfactory internship references, met program assessment criteria for competency, and obtained the formal approval of the faculty for graduation.
Full-time students should be able to complete the program in two years (the equivalent of five semesters of full time study, two year curriculum plan. However, many find a three year curriculum plan helpful to integrative learning.
COUN 507 Professional Identity, Function & Ethics 3SH
This course addresses counselor professional identity formation, ethical and legal
issues related to the practice of professional counseling, and components of sound
ethical decision making. Students will explore development of their own personal counselor
identity formation. Within this course students will be introduced to the counseling
profession and given opportunity to examine current ethical and legal issues related
to the practice of professional counseling. The course will provide students with
an overview of the historical development of counseling as a profession, discussion
of counselor licensure, and an overview of major professional organizations, specialties
and credentialing options available to mental health professionals. Discussion of
professional mental health codes of ethics relevant to counselors will assist students
to explore and articulate the process of ethical decision making within the context
of professional counseling.
COUN 508 Counseling Techniques 3SH
An intensive practical experience in the arts of forming a counseling relationship.
Personal feedback on interpersonal interactions and supervision of videotaped interviewing
are used to help the student attain competency in the wise use of techniques in the
counseling encounter and the counseling relationship.
COUN 509 Supervision and Consultation 3SH
This course provides an exploration of the theory and practice of counseling supervision
and consultation, including models, techniques, process, case conceptualization, ethical
issues, multicultural competency, and legal considerations. The format of this course
will combine lecture, class discussion, and experiential activities. The course will
only be offered to advanced students, those students who have completed a counseling
practicum and are currently enrolled in counseling internship, and will be paired
with COUN 508 Counseling Techniques, which is offered to beginning students, to facilitate
and experiential learning process between the two classes. Students will also use
their internship placement site as an opportunity to experience supervision and consultation.
COUN 510 Clinical Mental Health: History and Philosophy 2SH
This course will outline and examine the historical roots of the formation of the
field of clinical mental health counseling, the various philosophical foundations
and trends that have influenced this formation, and how this has informed clinical
practice. This course will also focus specifically on the role of trauma as both a
causal event leading to the formation of this field, and to the symptomatology it
has hoped to address in the clinic. The course will utilize specific historical, philosophical,
and clinical texts to make this argument.
COUN 517 Human Growth and Developmental 3SH
This course provides an advanced overview of current research and theory on life-span
human development, and will enhance students’ understanding of significant developmental
changes that occur over the life span. Emphasis will be placed on standard physical,
cognitive, emotional, and social development as well as on issues such as diversity
and socialization in relation to perceptions of human development. Professional, clinical,
legal, and ethical issues will also be addressed.
COUN 518 Integrated Counseling Process 3SH
This course provides an overview of various approaches to working with clients emphasizing
emotion theory and the role of empathic attunement in healing. Class sessions and
readings will explore the interpersonal therapy process and demonstrate various ways
to implement experiential techniques in therapy. Students will work to further define
their theory and use this to apply a variety of counseling approaches and techniques.
Each student will construct a research paper that integrates their theoretical approach
with techniques, interventions and applicable counseling approaches. Class sessions
will emphasize experiential exercises, technique based role-plays and skill enhancement
group praxis. Students are encouraged to take risks and develop their personal style
in applying experiential methods in treatment.
COUN 527 Psychopathology 3SH
This course will provide an overview of psychopathology and treatment planning with
an emphasis on children and adolescents. An interactive, developmental perspective
for conceptualizing psychopathology as well as resilience will be employed. In particular,
the influence of development, neurobiological mechanisms, and contextual features
on the emergence, exacerbation, and alleviation of psychopathology will be discussed.
Contemporary diagnostic and treatment issues will be critically reviewed.
COUN 528 Practicum 3SH
The practicum experience is designed to give beginning students in counseling the
opportunity to put into practice the skills and knowledge that they are developing
throughout their counseling program. Prerequisites: COUN 507, COUN 508.
COUN 536 Foundations in Research and Program Evaluation: Theory, Design, and Foundational Statistics 3SH
This course will offer an overview of the research methods used in counseling and
program evaluation. Students will gain experience with literature databases, research
ethics, research methodologies, basic statistics and statistical software such as
SPSS, and communicating research findings, and proposing research to an Institutional
COUN 537 Counseling Research and Program Evaluation 2SH
A review of the research methods used in counseling. Included are experiences in searching
research literature databases, understanding basic statistics and using statistical
software, planning research, and communicating research findings. Includes a community action project, implementing and assessing a prevention project, an advocacy project, or a counseling
outreach project. A written paper and presentation of the community action project
is presented to faculty and peers in a spring semester conference.
COUN 538 Skill Development 1SH
This course is designed to meet your specific needs regarding advanced counseling
skills. Skill development also provides a space for students on 3 and 4 year tracks
to continue to practice skills between their practicum and internship experiences.
COUN 542 Psychology of Religious Experience 3SH
This seminar style course entails an exploration of religious/spiritual/faith experience
from the perspective of psychological realities and insights. Both classical and contemporary
material in the field of the psychology of religion will be utilized in this exploration.
Students will have an opportunity to reflect on their own religious/faith/spiritual
experience as well as that of others. Both individual and corporate dimensions of
religious/spiritual/faith experience will be analyzed.
COUN 547 Counseling Theories 3SH
This course is designed to provide students with an overview of central theories of
counseling and psychotherapy. Key counseling theory concepts are introduced through
readings, lecture, videos and small group exercises. Students will become familiar
with the central tenets of each theory and engage in practical application and skill
development exercises. Co-requisite: COUN 507.
COUN 557 Assessment and Evaluation Procedures 3SH
This course provides an overview of various approaches to assessment and procedures
for evaluation. Special emphasis is given to counseling decision-making, and treatment
planning. Theoretical and applied material will be integrated in order to provide
the student with an understanding of the context of assessment and evaluation. Emphasis
will be placed on equipping students to understand technical terms in professional
journals, test manuals, and test reports.
COUN 567 Group Counseling 3SH
The purpose of this course is to introduce students to the theory and practice of
group counseling. The course will provide information about and training in establishing,
leading, and evaluating counseling groups of various types. Within this course students
will explore different theoretical approaches to counseling groups, basic principles
of group dynamics which include leadership tasks, group developmental stages, and
member roles. Consideration will be given to ethical, legal, and professional issues
as well as special needs such as multiculturalism, life-span development concerns,
and the therapist’s personal leadership style.
COUN 577 Spirituality & Religion in Counseling 1SH
This course is focused on an exploration of spirituality and religion in counseling.
The spiritual dimensions of counseling involve ethical practice in a context of multicultural
and pluralistic trends that support diversity of religious beliefs. We work at the
integration of the ethical vision of the counseling profession and the Anabaptist
vision of offering healing and hope in our diverse world, actualizing the values of
Christian discipleship, community, service, and peacebuilding. We will examine how
counseling praxis informs our spirituality and our religious commitments. Students
will be expected to address these issues of integration from their own experience
of spirituality and their own religious tradition.
COUN 587 Crisis Counseling 2SH
This course is designed to introduce students to basic crisis intervention strategies.
addresses fundamental crisis intervention theory and offers practical applications in various crisis
situations. Students will explore various assessment, intervention and crisis treatment issues.
Special emphasis will be placed on the impact of trauma on the individual, family and
community. Students will engage in crisis intervention role-plays and practice applying specific
interventions in crisis scenarios. Each student will engage in researching and compiling a
comprehensive community resource guide for the local community.
COUN 607 Multicultural Counseling 3SH
Multiculturalism is both an intellectual movement and an ethical imperative within
the counseling and psychology fields. This course provides an introduction to multicultural
knowledge, skills and awareness that will support your work with clients. Through
activities, discussion, reading and media, you will be exposed to both the theoretical
movements in multiculturalism, develop skills for working with clients who differ
from you. You will also explore your own values, beliefs and cultural identity and
make connections to how these aspects of your personhood influence your relationship
and intervention with clients.
COUN 617 Counseling Children and Adolescents 2SH
Children and adolescents have very distinct needs, their own ways of communicating
and of understanding and navigating the world. This two credit course provides an
introduction to counseling theories, interventions and assessments appropriate for
children and adolescents. An emphasis will be placed on the principles and practice
of play therapy. Course participants will also identify special populations and issues
for further exploration.
COUN 627 Marriage and Family Counseling 3SH
This course provides an overview of marital and family counseling from a systems perspective.
A survey of the predominant systems theories essential in working with couples and
families will be presented. Special emphasis is given to evidence based treatments
and the current research on attachment theory and the role of attachment in couple
and family distress. Students will become familiar with attachment issues, working
from an emotion focused perspective and gain proficiency in assessment and intervention.
Students will engage in learning exercises and role-plays in order to facilitate application
of course content. Each student will construct a personal family genogram and engage
in analyzing their family using a systems approach and use case conceptualization
and treatment planning from various theories.
COUN 637 Career Development 3SH
Students will be introduced to career development recognizing the importance and uniqueness
of various facets of career counseling. Emphasis is given to developmental considerations
and the role of testing, educational and career development program planning and implementation.
Technology-based career development applications and strategies will be explored.
The interrelationships among and between work, family and other life role factors
will be considered with a special emphasis on gender, diversity and working with specific
populations. Legal and ethical issues will be discussed as well as issues of personal
faith and values.
COUN 677 Independent Studies Arr.
This refers to studies of specific issues or areas not covered by any of the standard
offerings. These studies may be requested by the student or suggested by an instructor.
Approval by the instructor and the director is required. Methodology may involve assigned
readings, written reports or any other methods the supervising instructor chooses.
A student should have credit for three courses, and must qualify academically for
independent study in the judgment of the director before approval is granted. A limited
number of hours in independent study will be applied toward a degree.
COUN 687 Expressive Therapies 1SH
This course is an experiential introduction to the creative process in counseling.
Participants will be invited to explore the literal and figurative context in which
creativity emerges, will identify through the use of metaphor, imagery, and poetry
the power of creative expression, and will find ample opportunity to discuss, reflect,
and process with peers. Instructor will be drawing on a range of literature and clinical
COUN 689/690 Internship 3SH
The internship experience is designed to give advanced students in counseling the
opportunity to put into practice the skills and knowledge they have developed throughout
their counseling program. Students will meet weekly to review cases, discussing areas
of growth and present specific theory, intervention and technique questions. The student
may select an internship site from a variety of supervised field experiences in mental
health related settings. Minimum of 600 counseling hours. Prerequisite: Admission
689 Syllabus (PDF)
690 Syllabus (PDF)
COUN 697 Addictions Counseling 3SH
This course is designed to help the student understand the personal, social, emotional,
physiological, and environmental factors related to addictions, with the main emphasis
on chemical addictions. Student will be exposed to the varied aspects and challenges
involved in the evaluations, diagnosis and treatment process of addiction, as well
as, the specific qualities and efforts of the main mood altering drugs. This course
will also look at the many professional, ethical, and legal issues unique to the field
of addictions counseling.
COUN 698 Mindfulness & Psychotherapy 1SH
This course will provide a foundation for the use of mindfulness, meditation and mindful
self-compassion and their applications in therapy. The course will be built on three
primary pillars: personal practice of mindfulness and meditation, an understanding
of the applications and populations with which one can use mindfulness and meditation
in therapy, and skill-building through enactments and role play. Students participating
in this course can expect to gain a breadth of mindfulness, meditation and self-compassion
practices for use in therapy as well as exposure to the theory and research that supports
COUN 699 Topics in Psychoanalysis: Trauma 1SH
It is no mystery that the topic of trauma is very much in vogue. Yet, it is becoming quite clear that trauma is increasingly indefinable, losing nearly all specificity. We hear about it all the time, but as a concept it suffers immense diffusion. Very little attention is being paid to its conceptualization beyond the discourse of medicine – a discourse that often remains trapped in positivistic logic, and materialist rhetoric. Trauma seems trapped in a tautology upon which it has become hard to intervene: trauma is trauma, because of traumatic experience, and traumatic experience is anything involving trauma.
The question needs to be raised: Is there another way to conceptualize trauma that will open the possibility of escaping this deadlock, a deadlock that has irreparable
effects on clinical work? The true motivation for this class is to discuss just such
a possibility, and to articulate how psychoanalysis – though perhaps surprising to
some, and scandalous to others – may hold a key. Students will be shown how through
the direct reading of both Freud and Lacan.
PAX 533 Analysis: Understanding Conflict 3 (program elective)
This course will provide a broad introduction to the field of conflict transformation. We will be reviewing skills and concepts for responding to conflict in a variety of settings. Through readings, lecture, class discussion, and papers the course will develop awareness of individual styles of responding to conflict and increase personal skills for responding effectively to others in situations of interpersonal conflict. The student will become familiar with the basic literature available in the field and the particular understanding of conflict transformation found at the Center for Justice and Peacebuilding (CJP). In today’s world the skills developed are instrumental for peacebuilding venues of many types.