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Carl Stauffer

DEPARTMENT: CJP - Center for Justice & Peacebuilding

POSITION: Associate Professor

LOCATION: Main Campus, Harrisonburg | MS 110

PHONE: (540) 432-4462

EMAIL: carl.stauffer@emu.edu

Dr. Carl Stauffer teaches Restorative and Transitional Justice at the graduate Center for Justice and Peacebuilding (CJP), at Eastern Mennonite University in Virginia, USA. He concurrently serves as Co-Director of CJP’s Zehr Institute of Restorative Justice and is the Academic Director of the Caux Scholars Program in Switzerland. Stauffer has functioned as founder, director, academic coordinator and instructor for peace and justice institutes on four continents. As a seasoned conflict transformation and peacebuilding practitioner, Stauffer has done consulting and training with organizations such as UNDP, USAID, World Vision, ICRC, Asia Foundation, CRS, Tear Fund, SIDA, Oxfam, and the Ministry of Justice of Jamaica, Ministry of Community Development, Arts & Culture of Trinidad & Tobago, and the Ministry of Safety & Security of South Africa.

Stauffer entered the Restorative Justice field as the first Executive Director of the Capital Area Victim-Offender Reconciliation Program in Richmond, Virginia in 1991. In 1994, Stauffer and his family moved to South Africa under the auspices of the Mennonite Central Committee (MCC), a faith-based international relief and development agency. In South Africa, Stauffer worked with multiple transitional justice processes including the Peace Accords, Community-Police Forums, the Truth and Reconciliation Commission and Local Community Development Forums. From 2000 to 2009, Stauffer was appointed as a Regional Peace Adviser for the Southern Africa region, which took him to 20 African countries and 15 nations in the Caribbean, Middle East, Europe, Asia and the Balkans.

Stauffer’s academic interests include Restorative and Transitional Justice, post-war reconstruction and national truth-telling and reconciliation processes. His research concentrates on a critique of Transitional Justice from a restorative and transformative frame, and the application of hybrid, often parallel indigenous community justice approaches. Stauffer’s most recent publications focus on positioning the Restorative Justice field as a transnational alternative social justice movement.

  • Associate Professor of Justice Studies, Center for Justice & Peacebuilding, Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, VA (2016-present)
  • Co-Director, Zehr Institute for Restorative Justice, Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, VA. (2012 – present)
  • Academic Director, Caux Scholars Program, Initiatives of Change, Switzerland (2011 – present)
  • Assistant Professor of Justice & Development Studies, Center for Justice & Peacebuilding, Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, VA (2010-2015)
  • Founder and Director, Africa Peacebuilding Institute, Mindolo, Zambia & Johannesburg, South Africa (2001-2009)
  • Regional Peace Coordinator, Mennonite Central Committee, Southern Africa Region (2000-2009)
  • Peace Education & Training Coordinator, Wilgespruit Fellowship Centre, Johannesburg, South Africa (1994-1999)
  • Executive Director, Capital Area Victim-Offender Reconciliation Program (CAVORP), Richmond, VA. USA (1991-1993)


BA, Eastern Mennonite University
MA, Eastern Mennonite University
PHD, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal


Stauffer, C., & Shah, S. (in-press), “Restorative Justice: Taking the Pulse of a Movement,” in Lewis, T. & Stauffer, C. (eds.) Listening to the Movement: Essays on New Growth and New Challenges in Restorative Justice, Cascade Books, an imprint of Wipf & Stock Publishers.

Stauffer, C., & Turner, J. (2018), “The New Generation of Restorative Justice,” in Gavrielides, T. (ed.) A Research Companion to Restorative Justice: Ashgate Companion Series, Routledge Publishing, a member of the Taylor & Francis Group.

Stauffer, C. (2017), "Development & Peacebuilding: Disparities, Similarities & Overlapping Spaces", in Gubser, M., Keilson, J. (eds.) The Practice of International Development, Francis & Taylor Publishing Group.

Stauffer, C. (2016), “Truth and Reconciliation Commissions: Case of South Africa,” in the Encyclopedia of Public Administration, Taylor & Francis Publishing Group.

Stauffer, C. (2015), "Formative Mennonite Mythmaking in Peacebuilding and Restorative Justice", in Klager, A. (ed.) The Historical Seeds of Mennonite International Peacebuilding: History, Analysis, and Application, Wipf & Stock Press.

Stauffer, C. (2014), “Justice in Transition: Deviance, Mass Atrocities and Post-war Reconstruction,” in Bruinsma, G. and Weisburd, D. (eds.) Encyclopedia of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Vol. 1. Springer Reference Publishing.

Stauffer, C. (2013), "Rescripting Youth Education", in Csinos, D. and Bray, M. (eds.) Faith Forward – A Dialogue on Children, Youth and a New Kind of Christianity, CooperHouse/Woodlake Publishing Inc.

Stauffer, C. (2012), "Restorative Interventions for Postwar Nations", in Van Wormer, K. and Walker, L. (eds.) Restorative Justice Today – Practical Applications, Sage Publications.

Stauffer, C., Ishihara, A., Keosavang, A., Malibiran, E., & Zehr, H. (2012), "Peace Building through Restorative Dialogue and Consensus Building after the TEPCO Fukushima 1st Nuclear Reactor Disaster", in Eubios Journal of Asian and International Bioethics, Vol 22, No. 3, ISSN 1173-2571.

Book: Stauffer, C. (2011), Acting Out the Myths: The Politics of Narrative Violence in Zimbabwe, Saarbrucken, Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing.

Stauffer, C. (2007), “Narrating the Spirit of Justice”, in South African Law Journal: Acta Juridica, Faculty of Law, University of Cape Town, South Africa, Juta Press Ltd.

Stauffer, C., & Hamber, B. (1996), Survivor Offender Mediation and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, an occasional paper published by the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation – (CSVR), Johannesburg, South Africa.

Gray Literature:

Stauffer, C., Shah, S., & King, S. (2017), Restorative Justice Listening Project – Final Report, a publication of the Zehr Institute for Restorative Justice, at the Center for Justice & Peacebuilding of Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, Virginia, USA.

Stauffer, C. (2013), “Restorative Justice – Social Movement or Social Service?” Intersections – A Mennonite Central Committee Publication, Jan-March, Vol 1, No. 1.

Stauffer, C. (2011), “Reconciliation: Re-weaving the a Social Fabric that Heals,” A Matter of Spirit – A Newsletter of the Inter-community Peace and Justice Center, No. 92, Fall. www.ipjc.org

Stauffer, C., & Stauffer, C. (2008), “Shifting Paradigms: Engaging in Peaceful Change in Southern Africa”, Writers and Compilers, MCC Peace Office Publication, July-October, Vol 38, No. 3.

Stauffer, C. (2007), “Community Reconciliation: Reconstructing Self & Others in Harmony – A Reintegration Training Package for Ex-Combatants and the War Affected,” a manual produced by the Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation – (CSVR), Johannesburg, South Africa and Forum of Conscience, Freetown, Sierra Leone.

Stauffer, C., & Stauffer, C. (2005-2009), “PEACE PATHWAYS,” (eds.) a quarterly e-Newsletter of the MCC Regional Peace Network.

Stauffer, C. (2002), “A Peace Building Resource Pack-Three Volume Training Manual,” written and compiled for the Centre for the Study of Violence & Reconciliation – (CSVR), Johannesburg, South Africa.

Stauffer, C., & Stauffer, C. (2002), “Nurturing the Tree of Peace,” MCC Peace Office Publication, Jan-March, Vol. 32 -1.

Scholarly Presentations and Abstracts

  • “Restorative Justice: Transitional and Transformative Critiques”, Keynote Address, Harvard Negotiation Law Review Symposium, Cambridge, MA – February 5, 2019.
  • "Visioning the Future of Restorative Justice", Keynote Address, Circle of Restorative Initiatives - State Association - Baltimore, Maryland - November 18, 2018.
  • “Global Violent Extremism”, Panel Moderator for the Just Governance & Human Security Conference, Caux, Switzerland – July 2017.
  • “Conflict Transformation & Peacebuilding: Skills & Competencies”, James Madison University, Harrisonburg, VA. – April 4, 2017.
  • “Restorative Transitional Justice”, American University – International Peace & Conflict Resolution Program, Washington DC – March 30, 2017.
  • “Restorative Justice: A Conceptual Framework for a New Approach to Justice”, Restorative Justice Conference in Fribourg, Switzerland – Feb. 8-12, 2017.
  • “The Role of Civil Society in Combating Violent Extremism”, Panel Moderator for the Just Governance & Human Security Conference, Caux, Switzerland – July 2016.
  • “Restorative Justice: A social movement for this moment in time?”, Opening keynote address for the Restorative Justice in Motion Conference, Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, VA, USA – June 14, 2016
  • “Restorative Justice: A Conceptual Framework for a New Approach to Justice”,
    Kumamoto University, Japan – June 20, 2015.
  • “Care and Transformation for Traumatized Communities: Roles of Religion and Spirituality”, 3rd International Seminar on Spiritual and Religious Care, Tohoku University, Japan – June 15, 2015.
  • “Restorative Justice: The Next Generation”, Zehr Institute Restorative Justice Consultation, Opening Plenary, EMU, Harrisonburg, VA – May 18, 2015.
  • “Restorative Principles in Transitional Justice”, Harvard Negotiation Law Review Symposium, Cambridge, MA – February 28, 2015.
  • “Restorative justice: An operational framework” and “Restorative Justice in Theory: nuts and bolts”, Restorative Justice Roundtable, Asia Foundation, Katmandu, Nepal – Sept. 19 & 20, 2014.
  • “Moving Forward: The Application of Restorative Justice to Victim Survivors” and “Restorative Pathways out of Violence and Gang Culture: What Works?”, 5th Annual Conference on Restorative Justice, Ministry of Justice, Jamaica – April 21, 2014.
  • “A Subversive Shalom – Enacting Radical Peace”, Annual Inter-Collegiate Peace Fellowship, Eastern Mennonite University – February 1-2, 2014.
  • “In Search of a Justice that Satisfies – The Evolving Field of Restorative Justice”, Opening Plenary, 15th Annual Urban Initiatives Conference – University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee – May 29, 2013.
  • “Walking in the Fire: Trauma and Peacebuilding Practice”, Luncheon Speaker, Center for Peacemaking Practice, George Mason University, Washington DC – February 26, 2013.
  • “A Subversive Shalom: What Does Radical Peace Look Like?” Plenary Co-Speaker, Faith and International Development Conference, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan – February 1, 2013.
  • “In Search of a Justice that Satisfies – The Evolving Field of Restorative Justice”, Plenary Address, Shenandoah University, Winchester, Virginia – November 16, 2012
  • “Current Trends in Restorative Justice: Critical and Frontier Issues”, Plenary Address, Lewis University 2012 Teach-In, Chicago, Il – October 26, 2012.
  • “In Search of a Justice that Satisfies – The Evolving Field of Restorative Justice”, Plenary Address, 20th Annual Research Conference of the International Community Corrections Association, Orlando, Florida – September 11, 2012.
  • “Ethnic Conflicts and Restorative Justice”, International Conference of Restorative Justice, Human Rights, and Peace Education, Chiao Tung University and Hsuan Chuang University, Hsingchu, Taiwan – March 7, 2012.
  • “Restorative Justice, Society and Culture”, International Conference of Restorative Justice, Human Rights, and Peace Education, Chang Jung Christian University, Tainan, Taiwan – March 6, 2012.
  • “From Transitional Justice to Restorative Justice”, International Conference of Restorative Justice, Human Rights, and Peace Education, Soochow University, Taipai, Taiwan – March 5, 2012.
  • “Uncovering the Justice Scripts: South Africa’s Transitional Narratives”, Panel Presentation, EMU Homecoming, October 14, 2011.
  • “Remembering without Revenge”, Human Security Forum, Initiatives for Change, International, Caux, Switzerland – July 15, 2011.
  • “Building Justice: Transitional, Restorative and Indigenous Approaches in Post-war Contexts”, Torture Abolition and Support Services Coalition (TASSC), Washington DC, June 22, 2011.
  • “Let Justice Roll Down: The Evolving Field of Restorative Justice”, Eastern Mennonite University, Restorative Justice on Campuses Conference, Harrisonburg, Virginia – March 2011.
  • “Walking in the Fire: Doing Reconciliation in the Aftermath of Severe Violence”, Wheaton College, Center for Applied Christian Ethics (CACE), Wheaton, Illinois – January 24, 2011.
  • “Paradigms of Collective Life: Reflections on the Mennonite and Anabaptist Experience”, Anabaptist Center for Religion and Society (ACRS), Eastern Mennonite University, Harrisonburg, Virginia – March 23, 2010
  • “The African Church as Provocateur for Change: Re-Imaging Development ”, Faith & Development Conference, Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Michigan – Feb. 6, 2010.
  • “Narrating the Spirit of Justice”, International Conference: Restorative Justice: Politics, Policies, & Prospects – Cape Town, South Africa – September 2006.
  • “Back to the Future – Deconstructing the Past and Reconstructing the Future”, International Conference entitled: The German Herero War – One Hundred Years After, 1904-2004: Realities, Traumas, and Perspectives, University of Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia – November 18-21, 2004.
  • “Life After Trauma – Resuscitating Wholeness in the Child Soldier”, South African Institute for Traumatic Stress (SAITS) – Johannesburg, South Africa – 2001.

Academic Journal Article Reviews

  • “No Future without Transition: A Critique of Liberal Peace and the US Prison System”, (Manuscript ID – IJTJ-14-ART-066) – International Journal of Transitional Justice – July 2014.
  • “Implications of Court versus Conference: The Relationship between Perceptions of Procedural Justice and Shame Management”, (Manuscript ID CJPR-2013-051) – Criminal Justice Policy Review – June 2013.
  • “The Third Way: Toward Holistic and Inclusive Approaches to Reconciliation in Western Balkans”, Restorative Justice: An International Journal (RJIJ) – May 2013.
  • “Toward a theoretical conceptualization of participants’ experiences in restorative justice – victims, offenders and community members”, (Research Grant Proposal-1557/13-38.0) – Israel Science Foundation – April 2013.
  • “Punishing the Innocent: Examining Revictimization as a Result of ICC Intervention in Kenya” (ICJR-OA-12-10-080), International Criminal Justice Review – December 2012.
  • “Achieving Justice through the International Criminal Court in Northern Uganda: Is Indigenous/Restorative Justice a Better Approach?” (ICJR-OA-12-04-037), International Criminal Justice Review – September 2012.
  • “The ‘Behind Bars’ Contribution of Religion to Restorative Justice”, (Manuscript 2687) – The Journal of Religion – August 2012.