- simply put, is freezing of the skin. The nose, ears, cheeks,chin, fingers or toes are the most often affected.
- It can lead to permanent damage,or in severe cases, amputation.
- The risk of frostbite is increased in people with reduced blood circulation, or those who are improperly dressed for the cold temperatures.
- frostbite causes numbness to the area affected, the victim is often the last to know, and finds out only after someone else points it out to them. At the first signs of redness or pain in any skin area, get out of the cold or protect any exposed skin.
- a white or grayish-yellow skin area
- skin that feels unusually firm or waxy
Things you should do when you have Frostbite:
- Get into a warm room as soon as possible.
- Unless absolutely necessary, do not walk on frostbitten feet or toes—this increases the damage.
- Immerse the affected area in warm—not hot—water (the temperature should be comfortable to the touch for unaffected parts of the body).
- Or, warm the affected area using body heat. For example, the heat of an armpit can be used to warm frostbitten fingers.
- Do not rub the frostbitten area with snow or massage it at all. This can cause more damage.
- Don’t use a heating pad, heat lamp, or the heat of a stove, fireplace, or radiator for warming. Affected areas are numb and can be easily burned.
*Note: Because frostbite and hypothermia both result from cold exposure, it is important to determine whether the victim also shows signs of hypothermia. Hypothermia is a more serious medical condition and requires immediate emergency medical assistance.
Stay WARM to prevent Frostbite!!!