Core Courses

Required Biomedical Core Courses (30 semester hours)*

BMC 551 Developmental Biology (4)
An investigative study of the topics of gametogenesis, fertilization, embryogenesis and organogenesis. Molecular influences and cell interactions involved in differentiation and development are emphasized. Laboratory investigations use both descriptive and experimental approaches to study amphibian, bird, and mammal development. A research project and paper are required.

OR

BMC 552 Cell Biology (3) A study of cellular architecture, communication, transport, motility, division, growth and death. Particular emphasis is placed on the study of cancer at the cellular level, and on a quantitative understanding of cellular movements. Students read and report on research articles. The laboratory involves an introduction to common techniques employed in molecular biology followed by directed research projects of the student’s choosing. Two lecture periods and one extended lab per week.

BMC 561 Biochemistry Foundations (4)A survey of structure-function relationships of biological molecules and systems. Emphasis is placed on enzymology, intermediary metabolism, and metabolic control. Laboratory focuses on protein chemistry and involves an extended independently guided research project in which students develop their own hypotheses and test them using the techniques learned early in the course. Three lecture periods and one lab per week.

OR

BMC 563 Molecular Genetics (3)* A study of the mechanisms of gene structure, stability, replication, transmission, and expression in eukaryotes. Themes include molecular evolution, viruses (including HIV), and heritable diseases. Students read and report on research articles. The laboratory involves an introduction to common techniques employed in molecular biology followed by directed research projects of the student’s choosing. Two lecture periods and two laboratory/recitation periods per week.

BMC 562 Human Physiology (4) Investigative study of selected body systems including neuro-muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory, renal, and endocrine physiology. Extensive laboratory work emphases quantification and experimentation while using live materials and physiologic instrumentation.

OR

BMC 612 Human Gross and Microscopic Anatomy (4) Anatomical study of body systems using mammalian and human cadaver materials. Histological studies are correlated with the above anatomical studies. Laboratory work includes dissection, osteology, and microscopy.

BMC 601, 602, 621, 622 Biomedicine Transdiscipline Seminar (1,1,1,1) These one credit courses are required for all graduate students each semester and are designed to enhance integrative education which is both theoretical and praxis oriented. Topics include integration of the sciences in biomedicine, classic themes in science, bioethics, theological issues, case studies, literature review, clinical shadowing experiences, MCAT & DAT preparation, and review of graduate admissions procedures.

BMC 613 Biomedical Research Design & Statistics (2) This course covers basic principles of research methodology and experimental design. Topics include research design, measurements, hypothesis testing, statistical significance and the analysis of data. A computer statistical package (SPSS) is used to analyze data. Students critically evaluate published reports of biomedical studies with specific attention to their experimental design and the application of statistics.

BMS 598 Biomedicine Practicum (1) This course features experiential community learning in areas related to future vocation. Assigned shadowing or interactive experiences require 30-40 hours/semester credit hour outside of class as well as completing assigned related readings, maintaining a journal of experiences, providing feedback to other students. Typical experiences may involve interactions within hospitals, health care professionals, biomedical organizations, clinics, rescue squads, health departments, or life science education settings. Prerequisites: satisfactory completion of at least two graduate level courses and/or instructor permission. A maximum of 4 SH of practicum credit can be applied toward a degree.

BMX 603 Cross-Cultural Health Care/Biomedicine (3) This summer course is experiential based and requires involvement and study in another cultural-setting for a three-week period. Students, under guidance from the instructor, explore values, methods, and outcomes of health care or the practice of biomedicine in a unique cultural setting. Differentiation of resources, social, psychological, and spiritual ideas contrasting the student’s personal culture with the explored culture are examined. Involvements with alternative medicine and healing practices are considered as are examination of traditional health care delivery methods in the studied culture. Students maintain reflective logs during the experience and ultimately create a reflective paper that summarizes and enlarges upon their experience. Cross-cultural settings may vary but frequently include areas such as a large inner city, native American, Appalachia, or a foreign country setting.

BMX 613 Behavioral and Social Science Principles (3) An overview of the contribution of social and behavioral sciences to the understanding of the distribution, etiology, and solution of public health problems. Theoretical underpinnings of the most relevant explanation, planning, change, and evaluation theories will be reviewed and illustrated with examples of the application of these models to health promotion and disease prevention with individuals, groups and communities. Basic principles from psychology, anthropology, sociology, and other social science disciplines are analyzed in relation to the causes, consequences and control measures for public health problems.

BMX 611 Biomedicine, Faith, and Ethics (3) This team-taught course explores relationships between science and Christian faith by investigating scientific foundational ideas and their interaction with theology. Topics such as global and human origins, chance and complexity, human nature, mind, health and healing, environmental and medical ethics are examined and viewed through the lenses of Scripture, theology, and natural science. Students will be led to form and articulate a multidimensional world view that incorporates the realities of science and a holistic Christian faith.

BMC 623 Research in Biomedicine (2) Under the direction of a faculty member, this course guides a student through the process of library research. Each student selects a specific biomedicine-related topic and then researches primary and secondary literature to gain understanding and insight on their chosen topic. In addition to developing a mastery of the major components of the natural science aspect of the topic, the student is required to incorporate transdisciplinary elements of the topic that include social science, theology, and ethics. The outcome includes preparing an oral presentation and a review paper written in a CSE style.

*BMS 500 level courses represent dual-listed graduate and undergraduate courses. Graduate students will have additional course requirements than undergraduate students enrolled in the same course. To obtain an MA degree, at least 24 graduate credit hours must be taken at a level greater than the BMS 500 series of courses to obtain a master’s degree.

*Required 3 natural sciences courses with labs

A maximum of 8 SH of graduate courses, taken to fulfill requisite program entrance requirements, can be applied to the MA in Biomedicine program or certificate when grades of B or better are earned. These courses will be counted as elective credits and cannot replace core requirements. Graduate credit will be given for additional requisite courses but their hours cannot be applied toward degree or certificate requirements.

Course Scheduling

Following is a typical schedule and is subject to change.

Fall Semester
BMC 551 Developmental Biology (4)
BMC 561 Biochemistry Foundations (4)
BMC 613 Biomedical Research Design & Statistics (2)
BMC 601 Biomedicine Transdiscipline Seminar I(1)
Total: 11 Hrs

If lacking UG Requirement substitute below:
BMS 501 Biomedical Organic Chem I (4)
BMS 511 Biomedical Physics I (4)

Spring Semester
BMC 562 Human Physiology (4)
BMC 612 Human Gross & Microscopic Anatomy (4)
BMC 622 Biomedicine Transdiscipline Seminar II
Elective (3)
Total: 12 Hrs

If lacking UG Requirement substitute below:
BMS 562 Biomedical Organic Chem II (4)
BMS 512 Biomedical Physics II (4)

Summer Term
BMX 603 Cross Cultural Health Care/Biomedicine (3)
BMC 623 Research in Biomedicine (1)
BMS 598 Biomedicine Practicum (1)
Total: 5 Hrs

Year two graduate courses

Fall Semester
BMC 623 Biomedical Research (1)
BMC 621 Biomedicine Transdiscipline Seminar III (1)
BMX 613 Behavior and Social Science Principles (3)
Biomedicine Track Electives (6)
Total: 11 Hrs

Spring Semester
BMC 622 Biomedicine Transdiscipline Seminar IV
BMX 611 Biomedicine, Faith, & Ethics in Context (3)
Biomedicine Track Electives (6)
Total: 10 Hrs

Selected electives for either year

Offered with adequate enrollment.

BMC 570 Medical Mircobiology (3)
BMS 531 Environmental Chemistry (4)
BMS 540 Drugs: Discovery, Design, Action (3)
BMS 551 Conservation Biology (3)
BMS 552 Environmental Toxicology (3)
BMS 553 Sustainable Agriculture (4)
BMS 554 Natural History of the Shenandoah Valley (4)
BMS 555 Plant Ecophysiology (3)
BMS 556 Entomology (3)
BMS 557 Ecology & Field Biology (4)
BMS 561 Immunology (3)
BMS 562 Neurobiology (3)
BMS 571 Abnormal Psychology (3)
BMS 572 Cognitive Psychology (3)
BMS 573 Theories of Personality (3)
BMS 574 Neuropsychology (3)
BMS 581 Analytical Chemistry (4)
BMS 582 Thermodynamics (3)
BMS 583 Quantum Mechanics (3)
BMS 680 Academic and Professional Writing (2)

Additional graduate level courses in education, business, counseling, Center for Justice and Peacebuilding, or seminary may be selected as electives.